SPEECH is promoting goat-rearing programme in its target villages. As with other SPEECH initiatives, the focus is on assisting women in optimising their livestock resources. This becomes necessary given that in these project areas, goat rearing is characterised by the use of poor breeds and unscientific husbandry practices that result in low incomes and high morbidity and mortality risks. SPEECH focuses on the induction of new animals, better housing and veterinary care, especially immunisation against certain well-known killer diseases. SPEECH assists poor women in goat rearing as a potential livelihood supplement. The programme enables women to obtain credit to buy goats and provide improved shelter and veterinary support. Training a cadre of para-vets to provide animal health care on a routine basis is also an important intervention. SPEECH also distribute goat to poor families/women headed families to promote girl child education.
SPEECH’s interventions on Dairy programmes are being extended through the induction of better quality of breeds, the training of women in feeding and husbandry practices, veterinary care, the development of a cadre of village-based service providers, and the creation of systems for effective marketing. Though holding potential, Dairying remains poorly developed in SPEECH’s project areas. In these areas, the population of domestic animals is higher than the national average. Yet milk productivity is low, rearing practices are poor, breeds are non-descript, veterinary services are non-existent, and market linkages do not exist. To fulfill the potential of Dairying in its project areas, SPEECH provides assistance for the induction of new animals, while giving attention as well to better housing and veterinary care, especially the provision of immunisation against diseases. In this light, systems have been set up to for the procurement and distribution of important vaccines. SPEECH also distribute cow to poor families/women headed families for their economic empowerment.
Self-Help Group (SHG) is an unregistered group of micro- entrepreneurs with similar social and economic backgrounds, who voluntarily work together to improve their individual and collective business. The purpose of SHGs is to promote the businesses of women, young adults, and unskilled farm workers. Members save small amounts regularly, with the mutual agreement to contribute to a common fund to meet their emergency needs. The group members use collective wisdom and peer pressure to ensure proper use of credit and timely repayment of loans. SPEECH help its SHGs to get loan from the nationalised banks.
Employment & Entrepreneurship Training:
In SPEECH’s project areas, land, water, livestock, and forests remain the main sources of livelihood that are available to the rural poor. Most families depend on agriculture for their meager incomes. But with continually diminishing outputs and declining farm sizes, it has become more urgent for the rural population to diversify their avenues of income. This necessarily involves introducing them to emerging home-based microenterprises. The aim is to take advantage of the rising demand for newer goods and services, which provide livelihood opportunities outside traditional farming.
SPEECH is promoting home-based microenterprises such as Poultry rearing, Vermi-composting, and cultivation of mushrooms.
SPEECH also provide training on Small Business like Vegitable vendor, Fruit vendor, Fish vendor, Milk vendor, Tiffen centre, Snack centre, Internet Browsing centre, School stationary shop, Mobile phone recharge shop, Seed bank etc.,