Agriculture

Context Of The Project

The aim of organic farming is to establish and maintain soil-plant, plant- animal and animal soil interdependence and to create a sustainable agro- ecological system based on local resources, approaching in this way the concept of functional integrity of systems. Organic farming uses environmentally friendly methods of crop and livestock production, without use of synthetic fertilizers, growth hormones, growth enhancing antibiotics, synthetic pesticides or gene manipulation. Nevertheless, organic livestock farming is not a production method which solves all problems in livestock production sustainability. As of today, it is largely seen primarily as a production method for a specific premium market requiring special management qualifications. Its high capability for meeting increased consumer demand for environmentally friendly products is associated with better quality of products alongside animal welfare.

The project emphasizes on promoting the organic farming and production of organic manure and pests along with formation of Demonstration cum Training centre on organic farming. The project would be located in Mangupalli as centre point of establishing said training centre. We would implement the project in Mangupalli and surrounding villagess of Ananthasagaram Mandal of Nellore district in of Andhrapradesh in southern part of India. 

The population belongs to different castes but we prioritize to Dalit and Tribal communities and marginal farmers having minimum land holding of 2 acres. We would select 20 such small farmers each in five villages and totally 100 farmers would be selected as direct beneficiaries. Some of them are illiterate and some have completed primary education and rarely high school education. But their major occupation is agriculture and horticulture. Most of the lands are dry lands depending on monsoon for cultivation. 

In this situation, apart from direct beneficiaries, the Training centre for Organic farming would train about 300 interested farmers (comes spontaneously) per month and in a year about 3500-4000 farmers would be trained and it is expected that about 60% of the trainers will engage in organic farming and they will motivate others on one to one interaction; in such a way, the number of organic farming practitioners would increase day by day in Ananthasagram Mandal and in around located Mandals (blocks) in a short future. After completion of project period, the training centre would be running with the support of the organic farmers to train other interested farmers visiting from various part of Andhra Pradesh and nearby states (Provinces). We have an approximate calculation that about 18000-20000 farmers would be trained in five years period and then about 60-70% of the trained farmers would engage in organic agriculture producing eco-friendly products to prevent from attacking diseases as well as retaining the health in better manner on the side of human beings and on other side, the animals would have poison free feeds from organic products. Apart from that, the fertility of land would be retained and all living insects in the mud would be alive for good moisture and pollination. 

The farmers apply chemical fertilizers and pesticides that have spoiled the land infertility. The cost of input is high but output is less. But compared the investment and income in agriculture sector by applying chemical fertilizers; farmers have incurred loss since years together. So, the farmers become debtors and their livelihood has become a big question mark. So, most of the repayment goes to interest but Principal is remaining same for the amount received from the money lenders at high rate of interest. Hence, the farmers have slowly come out from the agriculture sector and work as daily labourers in urban, semi-urban and city areas for their livelihood. Unless we have agricultural products, no living things can live in existence. So, method of organic farming to be introduced is a must at this critical situation among the farmers by applying as well as exercising the concept of Low External Input Sustainable Agriculture for having high profit from less area of land holding. 

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